What to know about caring for your Pool

A swimming pool is a big investment. The proper caretaking of this investment is crucial to long-term use and enjoyment.

Below are some important things to know about pool care:


Adequate filtration is essential. The water that passes through the filter, is cleaned and returns to the pool. The correct size of pump and filter is critical to be able to clean the water and have the correct water flow. The sand in the filter (if applicable) will need to be changed every two years although this time period may vary depending on the factors affecting your pool.


When water is in motion, it’s harder for bacteria and algae to find a surface on which to grow and the chemicals are more thoroughly distributed.

Turnover Rate

The turnover rate is the amount of time it takes to circulate all the water in your pool through the filter system. It’s not necessary to know this number for a home swimming pool, but you can certainly do the math if you desire. A general rule of thumb is to run your pump and filter 8 to 10 hours a day.


Clean the pump, filter and skimmer baskets weekly (more often if it is windy and there are trees or sandy areas around your pool). The filter must be backwashed for 3-5 minutes and rinsed for one minute weekly.  Also, clean the surface of the pool with the pool skim net when required.

Testing the Water

Test the water on a weekly basis:

  • Chlorine at 1.0 – 3.0 ppm
  • pH between 7.2 and 7.6
  • Alkalinity between 80-120 ppm
  • Calcium hardness between 150-225 ppm

Have the water analysed at an authorized pool shop once a month. This will save you time and money in the long run.

Adding Pool Chemicals

Always add the correct chemicals in the appropriate quantities for safe, sparkling and algae-free water. Remember the two golden rules of adding chemicals: only add chemicals to a pool that is of which the filtration system is in operation, and only add chemicals to water, not water to chemicals.

Also, DO NOT use a metal bucket when dissolving chemicals.


Chemical Adjustment

Add the recommended chemicals bit by bit, in small amounts, with the filter running. This is to ensure an even distribution and dilution of chemicals so that subsequent water tests are accurate. Dumping all the chemicals in one spot and then testing the water will skew the results and leave you helpless to proceed or cause you to proceed incorrectly.

Also, you’ll probably need to shock. As always, add chemicals to water. Fill a bucket with water, then add granular shock gradually, mixing well. Pour the mixture around the edge of the pool with the pump running.

Taking the time to care for your pool properly pays off in easier upkeep throughout the season. Stay tuned here for more pool maintenance tips.